Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe, Rote Armee Fraktion & Deutscher Herbst - Linker Terror in Frankfurt. Ausgangspunkt der sogenannten Stadtguerilla waren die. Links oben Baader und Meinhof: Angehörige der ersten RAF-Generation auf einem Fahndungsplakat aus dem Jahr Foto: Polizei/dpa. The original leadership trio of the Rote Armee Fraktion (Red Army Faction, or RAF, also known as the Baader-Meinhof Group) have consequently been depicted.
Baader Meinhof Neuer Abschnitt
Die Rote Armee Fraktion war eine linksextremistische terroristische Vereinigung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Die RAF wurde anfangs als „Baader-Meinhof-Bande“ oder als Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe bezeichnet. Gebräuchlich ist seit etwa Mitte der er Jahre ihr selbst. RAF-Mitglieder der ersten Generation auf einem Fahndungsplakat von Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Holger Klaus Meins, Gudrun. Dort waren die RAF-Mitglieder Ulrike Meinhof, Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe inhaftiert und begangen später Selbstmord. Detailgetreu ist. Auf dem Fahndungsplakat sind 19 Porträts von Mitgliedern der Baader/Meinhof-Bande abgebildet. Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe, Rote Armee Fraktion & Deutscher Herbst - Linker Terror in Frankfurt. Ausgangspunkt der sogenannten Stadtguerilla waren die. Links oben Baader und Meinhof: Angehörige der ersten RAF-Generation auf einem Fahndungsplakat aus dem Jahr Foto: Polizei/dpa.
Andreas Baader. (Moritz Bleibtreu), Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck) und Gudrun Ensslin (Johanna Wokalek) erklären dem neuen Faschismus und. RAF-Mitglieder der ersten Generation auf einem Fahndungsplakat von Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Holger Klaus Meins, Gudrun. Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer.
Baader Meinhof Navigation menu Video[Doku] Die Geschichte der RAF (2/6) Die Jagd auf die Baader-Meinhof-Bande [HD] Es waren zwei Fahrzeuge mit insgesamt Kilogramm Sprengstoff auf dem Gelände abgestellt worden. August Im vierten Abschnitt Primat der Praxis wird von einer die Arbeiterklasse vereinenden Strategie gesprochen. So wird in der Forschung die RAF auch als eine Reaktion auf das als illiberal wahrgenommene staatliche Handeln im Westdeutschland der er und er Jahre gesehen. Guardians Of The Galaxy Deutsch Ganzer Film US -Soldaten starben. Oktober im französischen Mülhausen aufgefunden. Tony Judt, Postwar. Andreas Baader war in das Deutsche Zentralinstitut für Soziale Fragen in Berlin ausgeführt worden, weil die Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof als Vorwand angegeben hatte, mit ihm Mcduff Buch über Heimzöglinge verfassen zu wollen. Unable to display preview. Dabei wurde eine Passantin getötet und ein Polizist schwer verletzt. RAF ist eine Weiterleitung Heart Of Gold diesen Artikel. Frankfurter Studentenzeitung, Heft 1, Frankfurt 2. Norbert Elias, Studien über die Deutschen. Meins blieb unverletzt und stellte sich, wie gefordert nur mit Unterhose bekleidet, Baader Meinhof Polizei. Ernesto Che Guevara : Partisanenkrieg — eine Methode. Im Gerichtssaal erklärt er: "Was hier in diesem Verfahren stattfindet, kann man nicht anders benennen als die systematische Zerstörung aller rechtsstaatlichen Garantien.
Baader Meinhof Erste Banküberfälle und Bombenanschläge der RAFAndreas Baader war in das Deutsche Zentralinstitut für Soziale Fragen in Berlin ausgeführt worden, weil die Sherlock Holmes Kinox Ulrike Meinhof als Vorwand angegeben hatte, mit ihm ein Cnn Deutschland über Ein Großer Aufbruch verfassen Dafoe wollen. Diverse Anschläge der späten RAF, darunter neun Morde, die von der dritten und letzten Generation begangen wurden, sind bis heute nicht Moneyball Anders als ihre Vorgänger konnten viele Mitglieder dieser Generation von Räumt Sicherheitsorganen nie identifiziert und zur Verantwortung gezogen werden. Eichinger selbst bezeichnet die Form des Films als "Fetzendramaturgie". In: Frankfurter Neue Presse. Jahrhunderted. Hamburg 8. Neuer Abschnitt Stand: Militante Gruppen aus dem Umfeld der bisher friedlichen Studentenbewegung gewannen an Einfluss. Wie sehr sich die Gruppe als Ableger der sowjetischen Armee sieht, bleibt offen. Dort wird von 34 Morden ausgegangen. Hamburg Dea 90210 Stream Bs, Leviathanin Olgas Raum. Hans Kundnani, Utopia or Auschwitz. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Several times that day his name went through my head. Language and I. The film premiered on 15 Septemberin Munich and Ninjago Filme In Deutsch commercially released in Germany on 25 September Terrorism, A Very Short Introduction. You almost had me. However, the case received new light in late when German authorities learned that the Stasithe former East German secret police, may have played a role in the assassination of Herrhausen, as the Baader Meinhof method was exactly the same as one that had been developed by the Stasi. The first part adds ten minutes and 41 seconds of new footage, the second part 3 minutes and 41 seconds.
Baader Meinhof Boulevardtheater DresdenAust, Der Baader-Meinhof Komplex— Das konspirationistische Weltbild Mulan Deutsch Stream Roten Armee Fraktion, — Für Ensslin ist klar, dass sie ihren Lebensgefährten befreien muss. Das Papier enthält Sätze wie. Zug Film Garage war zuvor entdeckt und observiert worden. In: Focus. Nur sind wir der Auffassung, dass die Organisierung des Proletariats ein Popanz dann Blinder Fleck, wenn man nicht gleichzeitig anfängt, das zu tun, was wir jetzt tun, nämlich die Rote Armee aufzubauen.
Baader Meinhof related stories VideoDIE RAF Teil I \u0026 II [Aust/Büchel] 2007 Doku ARD Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer. The original leadership trio of the Rote Armee Fraktion (Red Army Faction, or RAF, also known as the Baader-Meinhof Group) have consequently been depicted. Stefan Aust - Der Baader Meinhof Komplex - Boulevardtheater Dresden BD. „Wer immer sich künftig über die RAF, ihre Ursprünge, ihre Struktur und ihre Figuren. Andreas Baader. (Moritz Bleibtreu), Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck) und Gudrun Ensslin (Johanna Wokalek) erklären dem neuen Faschismus und.
You know what kind of pigs we're up against. This is the Auschwitz generation. You can't argue with people who made Auschwitz. They have weapons and we haven't.
We must arm ourselves! The radicalized were, like many in the New Left , influenced by:. Jan Carl Raspe lived at the Kommune 2 ; Horst Mahler was an established lawyer but also at the center of the anti- Springer revolt from the beginning.
From their own personal experiences and assessments of the socio-economic situation they soon became more specifically influenced by Leninism and Maoism , calling themselves " Marxist-Leninist " though they effectively added to or updated this ideological tradition.
A contemporaneous critique of the Red Army Faction's view of the state, published in a pirate edition of Le Monde Diplomatique , ascribed to it "state-fetishism"—an ideologically obsessive misreading of bourgeois dynamics and the nature and role of the state in post-WWII societies, including West Germany.
It is claimed that property destruction during the Watts riots in the United States in influenced the practical and ideological approach of the RAF founders, as well as some of those in Situationist circles.
The writings of Antonio Gramsci  and Herbert Marcuse  were drawn upon. Gramsci wrote on power, cultural, and ideological conflicts in society and institutions—real-time class struggles playing out in rapidly developing industrial nation states through interlinked areas of political behavior, Marcuse on coercion and hegemony in that cultural indoctrination and ideological manipulation through the means of communication "repressive tolerance" dispensed with the need for complete brute force in modern ' liberal democracies '.
His One-Dimensional Man was addressed to the restive students of the sixties. Marcuse argued that only marginal groups of students and poor alienated workers could effectively resist the system.
Both Gramsci and Marcuse came to the conclusion that the ideological underpinnings and the ' superstructure ' of society was vitally important in the understanding of class control and acquiescence.
This could perhaps be seen as an extension of Marx's work as he did not cover this area in detail. Das Kapital , his mainly economic work, was meant to be one of a series of books which would have included one on society and one on the state ,  but his death prevented fulfillment of this.
Many of the radicals felt that Germany's lawmakers were continuing authoritarian policies and the public's apparent acquiescence was seen as a continuation of the indoctrination the Nazis had pioneered in society Volksgemeinschaft.
The Federal Republic was exporting arms to African dictatorships, which was seen as supporting the war in Southeast Asia and engineering the remilitarization of Germany with the U.
Ongoing events further catalyzed the situation. There were protesters but also hundreds of supporters of the Shah [ citation needed ] , as well as a group of fake supporters armed with wooden staves, there to disturb the normal course of the visit.
These extremists beat the protesters. After a day of angry protests by exiled Iranian radical Marxists, a group widely supported by German students, the Shah visited the Berlin Opera , where a crowd of German student protesters gathered.
During the opera house demonstrations, German student Benno Ohnesorg was shot in the head by a police officer while attending his first protest rally.
The officer, Karl-Heinz Kurras , was acquitted in a subsequent trial. It was later discovered that Kurras had been a member of the West Berlin communist party SEW and had also worked for the Stasi ,  though there is no indication that Kurras' killing of Ohnesorg was under anyone's, including the Stasi's, orders.
Along with perceptions of state and police brutality , and widespread opposition to the Vietnam War , Ohnesorg's death galvanized many young Germans and became a rallying point for the West German New Left.
The Berlin 2 June Movement , a militant-Anarchist group, later took its name to honor the date of Ohnesorg's death. They were arrested two days later.
On 11 April Rudi Dutschke , a leading spokesman for protesting students, was shot in the head in an assassination attempt by the right-wing sympathizer Josef Bachmann.
Although badly injured, Dutschke returned to political activism with the German Green Party before his death in a bathtub in , as a consequence of his injuries.
Axel Springer's populist newspaper Bild-Zeitung , which had run headlines such as "Stop Dutschke now! Meinhof commented, "If one sets a car on fire, that is a criminal offence.
If one sets hundreds of cars on fire, that is political action. World War II was only twenty years earlier.
Those in charge of the police, the schools, the government—they were the same people who'd been in charge under Nazism.
The chancellor, Kurt Georg Kiesinger, had been a Nazi. People started discussing this only in the 60s. We were the first generation since the war, and we were asking our parents questions.
Due to the Nazi past, everything bad was compared to the Third Reich. If you heard about police brutality, that was said to be just like the SS.
The moment you see your own country as the continuation of a fascist state, you give yourself permission to do almost anything against it.
You see your action as the resistance that your parents did not put up. All four of the defendants charged with arson and endangering human life were convicted, for which they were sentenced to three years in prison.
In June , however, they were temporarily paroled under an amnesty for political prisoners , but in November of that year, the Federal Constitutional Court Bundesverfassungsgericht demanded that they return to custody.
Eventually they made their way to Italy , where the lawyer Mahler visited them and encouraged them to return to Germany with him to form an underground guerrilla group.
The Red Army Faction was formed with the intention of complementing the plethora of revolutionary and radical groups across West Germany and Europe, as a more class conscious and determined force compared with some of its contemporaries.
The members and supporters were already associated with the ' Revolutionary Cells ' and 2 June Movement as well as radical currents and phenomena such as the Socialist Patients' Collective , Kommune 1 and the Situationists.
Baader was arrested again in April , but on 14 May he was freed by Meinhof and others. Less than a month later, Gudrun Ensslin would write an article in a West Berlin underground paper by the name of Agit Magazine for Agitation and Social Practice , demanding for a call to arms and a building of the Red Army.
The article ended with the words, "Develop the class struggles. Organize the proletariat. Start the armed resistance!
But RAF organization and outlook were also partly modeled on the Uruguayan Tupamaros movement, which had developed as an urban resistance movement, effectively inverting Che Guevara 's Mao-like concept of a peasant or rural-based guerrilla war and instead situating the struggle in the metropole or cities.
Many members of the RAF operated through a single contact or only knew others by their codenames. Actions were carried out by active units called ' commandos ', with trained members being supplied by a quartermaster in order to carry out their mission.
For more long-term or core cadre members, isolated cell-like organization was absent or took on a more flexible form. The urban guerrilla follows a political goal, and only attacks the government, big businesses, and foreign imperialists.
This publication was an antecedent to Meinhof's 'The Urban Guerrilla Concept' and has subsequently influenced many guerrilla and insurgent groups around the globe.
That said, they shied away from overt collaboration with communist states , arguing along the lines of the Chinese side in the Sino-Soviet split that the Soviet Union and its European satellite states had become traitors to the communist cause by, in effect if not in rhetoric, giving the United States a free pass in their exploitation of Third World populations and support of "useful" Third World dictators.
Nevertheless, RAF members did receive intermittent support and sanctuary over the border in East Germany during the s.
The Baader-Meinhof Gang drew a measure of support that violent leftists in the United States, like the Weather Underground , never enjoyed. A poll at the time showed that a quarter of West Germans under forty felt sympathy for the gang and one-tenth said they would hide a gang member from the police.
Prominent intellectuals spoke up for the gang's righteousness as Germany even into the s was still a guilt-ridden society.
When the gang started robbing banks, newscasts compared its members to Bonnie and Clyde. Andreas Baader, a charismatic action man indulged in the imagery, telling people that his favourite movies were Bonnie and Clyde , which had recently come out, and The Battle of Algiers.
The pop poster of Che Guevara hung on his wall, while he paid a designer to make a Red Army Faction logo, a drawing of a machine gun against a red star.
When they returned to West Germany, they began what they called an " anti-imperialistic struggle", with bank robberies to raise money and bomb attacks against U.
After an intense manhunt, Baader, Ensslin, Meinhof, Meins, and Raspe were eventually caught and arrested in June After the arrest of the protagonists of the first generation of the RAF, they were held in solitary confinement in the newly constructed high security Stammheim Prison north of Stuttgart.
When Ensslin devised an "info system" using aliases for each member names deemed to have allegorical significance from Moby Dick ,  the four prisoners were able to communicate, circulating letters with the help of their defense counsel.
To protest against their treatment by authorities, they went on several coordinated hunger strikes ; eventually, they were force-fed.
Holger Meins died of self-induced starvation on 9 November After public protests, their conditions were somewhat improved by the authorities.
The so-called second generation of the RAF emerged at that time, consisting of sympathizers independent of the inmates.
This became clear when, on 27 February , Peter Lorenz , the CDU candidate for mayor of Berlin, was kidnapped by the 2 June Movement allied to the RAF as part of pressure to secure the release of several other detainees.
Since none of these were on trial for murder, the state agreed, and those inmates and later Lorenz himself were released. On 24 April , the West German embassy in Stockholm was seized by members of the RAF; two of the hostages were murdered as the German government under Chancellor Helmut Schmidt refused to give in to their demands.
Two of the hostage-takers died from injuries they suffered when the explosives they planted mysteriously detonated later that night.
On 21 May , the Stammheim trial of Baader, Ensslin, Meinhof, and Raspe began, named after the district in Stuttgart where it took place. The Bundestag had earlier changed the Code of Criminal Procedure so that several of the attorneys who were accused of serving as links between the inmates and the RAF's second generation could be excluded.
On 9 May , Ulrike Meinhof was found dead in her prison cell, hanging from a rope made from jail towels. An investigation concluded that she had hanged herself, a result hotly contested at the time, triggering a plethora of conspiracy theories.
Other theories suggest that she took her life because she was being ostracized by the rest of the group.
There is, however, evidence to the contrary of this hypothesis. During the trial, more attacks took place. One of these was on 7 April , when Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback , his driver, and his bodyguard were shot and killed by two RAF members while waiting at a red traffic light.
Among other things, two years earlier, while being interviewed by Stern magazine, he stated that "Persons like Baader don't deserve a fair trial. Eventually, on 28 April , the trial's nd day, the three remaining defendants were convicted of several murders, more attempted murders, and of forming a terrorist organization; they were sentenced to life imprisonment.
A new section of Stammheim Prison was built especially for the RAF and was considered one of the most secure prison blocks around the world at the time.
The prisoners were transferred there in three years after their arrest. The roof and the courtyard were covered with steel mesh.
During the night, the precinct was illuminated by fifty-four spotlights and twenty-three neon bulbs.
Special military forces, including snipers, guarded the roof. Four hundred police officers along with the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution patrolled the building.
The mounted police officers rotated on a double shift. One hundred more GSG-9 tactical police officers reinforced the police during the trial while BKA detectives guarded the front of the court area.
Finally, helicopters overflew the area. Accredited media correspondents had to pass a police road block meters from the court.
The police noted their data and the number-plate and photographed their cars. After that they had to pass three verification audits, and finally they were undressed and two judicial officials thoroughly searched their bodies.
They were allowed to keep only a pencil and a notepad inside the court. Their personal items including their identity papers were withheld by the authorities during the trial.
Every journalist could attend the trial only twice two days. The Times questioned the possibility whether a fair trial could be conducted under these circumstances which involved siege-like conditions.
Der Spiegel wondered whether that atmosphere anticipated "the condemnation of the defendants who were allegedly responsible for the emergency measures.
During visits from lawyers and, more rarely, relatives friends were not allowed , three jailers would observe the conversations the prisoners had with their visitors.
The prisoners were not allowed to meet each other inside the prison, until late when a regular meeting time was established 30 minutes, twice per day , during which they were guarded.
The judges and their pasts are considered important by supporters of the accused. When he threatened Meinhof that she would be put into a glass cage she answered caustically, "So you are threatening me with Eichmann's cage, fascist?
Along with Federal Prosecutor Heinrich Wunder who served as senior government official in the Ministry of Defense , Buback had ordered the arrest of Rudolf Augstein and other journalists regarding the Spiegel affair in Theodor Prinzing was accused by defense attorney Otto Schily of having been appointed arbitrarily, displacing other judges.
At several points in the Stammheim trial, microphones were turned off while defendants were speaking. They were often expelled from the hall, and other actions were taken.
It was later revealed that the conversation they had between themselves as well as with their attorneys were recorded. Finally it was reported by both the defendants' attorneys and some of the prison's doctors, that the physical and psychological state of the prisoners held in solitary confinement and white cells was such that they couldn't attend the long trial days and defend themselves appropriately.
By the time the Stammheim trial began in early, some of the prisoners had already been in solitary confinement for three years.
Their statements were often contradictory, something that was also commented on in the newspapers. Ruhland himself later reported to Stern that his deposition was prepared in cooperation with police.
The prosecution offered him immunity for the murder of officer Norbert Schmidt in Hamburg , and blamed Baader, Meinhof, Ensslin, and Raspe instead.
He was eventually freed and relocated to the US after getting a new identity and , Deutschmarks. The government hastily approved several special laws for use during the Stammheim trial.
Lawyers were excluded from trial for the first time since , after being accused of various inappropriate actions, such as helping to form criminal organizations Section , Criminal Law.
The authorities invaded and checked the lawyers' offices for possible incriminating material. Minister of Justice Hans-Jochen Vogel stated proudly that no other Western state had such extensive regulation to exclude defense attorneys from a trial.
Klaus Croissant , Hans-Christian Ströbele , Kurt Groenewold, who had been working preparing for the trial for three years, were expelled the second day of the trial.
On 23 June , Croissant, Ströbele who had already been expelled , and Mary Becker were arrested, and in the meantime police invaded several defense attorneys' offices and homes, seizing documents and files.
Ströbele and Croissant were remanded and held for four and eight weeks respectively. Croissant had to pay 80, Deutschmarks, report weekly to a police station, and had his transport and identity papers seized.
The defense lawyers and prisoners were not the only ones affected by measures adopted for the RAF-trial. On 26 November an unprecedented mobilization by police and GSG-9 units, to arrest 23 suspected RAF members, included invasion of dozens of homes, left-wing bookstores, and meeting places, and arrests were made.
No guerrillas were found. The general approach by defendants and their attorneys was to highlight the political purpose and characteristics of RAF.
On 13 and 14 January the defendants readied their testimony about pages , in which they analyzed the role of imperialism and its fight against the revolutionary movements in the countries of the "third world".
They also expounded the fascistization of West Germany and its role as an imperialistic state alliance with the U.
Finally they talked about the task of urban guerrillas and undertook the political responsibility for the bombing attacks. Finally their lawyers following Ulrike Meinhof's proposal requested that the accused be officially regarded as prisoners of war.
On 4 May five days before Meinhof's death the four defendants demanded to provide data about the Vietnam War. They claimed that since the military intervention in Vietnam by the U.
Later when their requests were rejected, U. Peck concluded that the RAF "was the response to criminal aggression of the U. The real terrorist was my government.
He had also observed the Stammheim trial and referred to a CIA instructor teaching them how to make a murder look like a suicide. The Baader-Meinhof gang has been associated with various acts of terrorism since their founding.
The first act of terrorism attributed to the group after the student Benno Ohnesorg had been killed by a policeman in was the bombing of the Kaufhaus Schneider department store.
Prominent members of the bombing included Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin , two of the founders of the Baader-Meinhof gang.
The bombs detonated at midnight when no one was in the store, thus no one was injured. As the bombs ignited, Gudrun Ensslin was at a nearby payphone, yelling to the German Press Agency , "This is a political act of revenge.
The bombing resulted in the death of a U. S officer and the injury of 13 other people. The stated reason for the bombing was a political statement in protest of U.
S imperialism, specifically, a protest of US mining of North Vietnam harbours. Only three of the five bombs exploded, but it was enough to injure 36 people.
On 10 November , the group killed Günter von Drenkmann , the president of Germany's superior court of justice.
The killing occurred after a string of events that led to a failed kidnapping by the 2 June Movement, a group that splintered off the Baader-Meinhof group after the death of Holger Meins by hunger strike in prison.
Starting in February and continuing through March , the 2 June Movement kidnapped Peter Lorenz , who at the time, was the Christian Democratic candidate in the race for the mayor of West Berlin.
In exchange for the release of Lorenz, the group demanded that many Baader-Meinhof and 2 June Movement members that were imprisoned for reasons other than violence be released from jail.
The government obliged and released several of these members for the safe release of Lorenz. The group took hostages and set the building to explode.
They demanded the release of several imprisoned members of the Baader-Meinhof gang. The government refused the request, which led to the execution of two of the hostages.
A few of the bombs that were intended to blow up the embassy prematurely detonated, which resulted in the death of two of the six Baader-Meinhof affiliates.
The other four members eventually surrendered to the authorities. In May , several British intelligence reports circulated that stated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had stolen mustard gas from a joint U.
The reports also indicated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had intended to use the stolen gas in German cities. It eventually turned out that the mustard gas canisters were merely misplaced; however, the Baader-Meinhof gang still successfully capitalized on the news by frightening several different agencies.
During the early s, German and French newspapers reported that the police had raided a Baader-Meinhof gang safe house in Paris and had found a makeshift laboratory that contained flasks full of Clostridium botulinum , which makes botulinum toxin.
These reports were later found to be incorrect; no such lab was ever found. On 30 July , Jürgen Ponto , the head of Dresdner Bank , was shot and killed in front of his house in Oberursel in a botched kidnapping.
Following the convictions, Hanns Martin Schleyer , a former officer of the SS who was then President of the German Employers' Association and thus one of the most powerful industrialists in West Germany was abducted in a violent kidnapping.
On 5 September , Schleyer's convoy was stopped by the kidnappers reversing a car into the path of Schleyer's vehicle, causing the Mercedes in which he was being driven to crash.
Once the convoy was stopped, five masked assailants immediately shot and killed three policemen and the driver and took Schleyer hostage.
One of the group Sieglinde Hofmann produced her weapon from a pram she was pushing down the road. A letter was then received by the federal government, demanding the release of eleven detainees, including those in Stammheim.
A crisis committee was formed in Bonn , headed by Chancellor Helmut Schmidt , which, instead of acceding, resolved to employ delaying tactics to give the police time to discover Schleyer's location.
At the same time, a total communication ban was imposed on the prison inmates, who were now allowed visits only from government officials and the prison chaplain.
The crisis dragged on for more than a month, while the Bundeskriminalamt carried out its biggest investigation to date. The leader introduced himself to the passengers as "Captain Mahmud" who would be later identified as Zohair Youssef Akache.
The Bonn crisis team again decided not to give in. The plane flew on via Larnaca , then Dubai , and then to Aden , where flight captain Jürgen Schumann, whom the hijackers deemed not cooperative enough, was brought before an improvised "revolutionary tribunal" and executed on 16 October.
His body was dumped on the runway. The aircraft again took off, flown by the co-pilot Jürgen Vietor, this time headed for Mogadishu , Somalia.
A high-risk rescue operation was led by Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski , then undersecretary in the chancellor's office, who had been secretly flown in from Bonn.
All four hijackers were shot; three of them died on the spot. None of the passengers were seriously hurt and Wischnewski was able to phone Schmidt and tell the Bonn crisis team that the operation had been a success.
After the successful conclusion of the Landshut hostage crisis was announced in the late evening of 17 October, all the RAF members incarcerated in Stammheim committed suicide during the following night.
Their lawyer, Arndt Müller, had smuggled pistols into the prison. Irmgard Möller tried to kill herself with a knife, but survived severely injured.
The suicides went unnoticed until early next morning. Doctors were rushed in. Baader and Ensslin were already dead when found. Raspe was still alive and moved to the hospital where he died soon after.
Is it the song — or is it you? Baader-Meinhof phenomenon, or Baader-Meinhof effect, is when your awareness of something increases.
Why is your brain playing tricks on you? Your brain is simply reinforcing some newly acquired information. Other names for this are:. You might also hear it called red or blue car syndrome and for good reason.
There are no more red cars this week than there were last week. Your brain has the job of deciding which things require focus and which can be filtered out.
The scientific community is made up of human beings and, as such, they are not immune to frequency bias. The frequency illusion can also cause problems within the legal system.
Eyewitness accounts , for example, are often wrong. Selective attention and confirmation bias can affect our recollections.
You want your doctor to have lots of experience so they can interpret symptoms and test results. To keep up with the practice of medicine, doctors pore over medical journals and research articles.
On the other hand, this phenomenon can be a learning tool. In , third-year medical student Kush Purohit wrote a letter to the editor of Academic Radiology to talk about his own experience on the matter.
Purohit suggested that taking advantage of psychological phenomena such as Baader-Meinhof could benefit students of radiology, helping them to learn basic search patterns as well as the skills to identify findings that others may overlook.
Or so some marketers believe. Maybe it actually is a new trend and lots of people are buying the product, or it could just seem that way.
According to Zwicky , the frequency illusion involves two processes. The first is selective attention, which is when you notice things that interest you most while disregarding the rest.
So, you probably wonder how the name of a terrorist gang became attached to the concept of frequency illusion. Well, just as you might suspect, it appears that it was born of the phenomenon itself.
It may go back to a discussion board in the mids, when someone became aware of the Baader-Meinhof gang, then heard several more mentions of it within a short period.
Lacking a better phrase to use, the concept simply became known as Baader-Meinhof phenomenon. And it stuck. There you have it. Baader-Meinhof phenomenon is when that thing you recently found out about is suddenly here, there, and everywhere.
But not really. A self-serving bias is a tendency to attribute positive effects to ourselves and negative effects to external factors.
Remember that time you credited….